By John Henry Parker
John Henry Parker's remarkably undying dictionary of structure, first released in 1846, grew to become so successful that he persisted to revise it for numerous years. A profusely illustrated guide that's helpful as a reference or as a conveyable advisor on visits to old structures, this authoritative thesaurus of approximately 500 phrases utilized in Greek, Roman, Italian, and Gothic structure is still hugely instructive and informative.
Accurate engravings supplement a number of the author's incisive descriptions — from a buttress in Glastonbury Abbey to zig-zag mouldings in a Norman doorway. prolonged entries hide arches, home windows, tombs, and different architectural parts; whereas shorter notes outline much less established phrases equivalent to cavetto, dado, and embrasure.
An imperative reference for architects and scholars of structure, the textual content contains a topographical index to the illustrations, choosing the numerous British cathedrals, castles, and parish church buildings used as examples.
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Additional resources for A Concise Dictionary of Architectural Terms (Dover Architecture)
In those last-mentioned occasions and so they correspond as a rule shape with the pillars, whilst of an analogous date; however it frequently occurs they belong to paintings of one other interval. The identify happens often in mediaeval contracts, and should have its beginning within the proposal of the 2 pilasters responding to one another: hence the breadth of the nave of Eton university Chapel “between the responders” used to be directed by way of the desire of King Henry VI. to be thirty-two toes; in any other case that the shaft ‘responds to,’ i. e. , ‘meets’ the arch. Reticulated paintings (Lat. Opus reticalatum = net-work), masonry built with small diamond-shaped stones, or sq. stones put diagonally. within the urban of Rome this mode of adorning the skin of a wall is mostly attribute of the interval of the Early Empire; it was once usually imitated in Romanesque paintings, particularly within the tympanum of a doorway in Norman paintings. reply, Fotheringay, Northants, go back, the terminations of the dripstone or hood-mould of a window or door. numerous examples may be came across less than Dripstone. The time period is additionally occasionally utilized to the seats and desks that are set opposed to the display on the west finish of a choir. Rib, a projecting band on a ceiling, &c. In middle-age structure ribs are very broadly hired to decoration ceilings, either flat and vaulted; extra in particular the latter, whilst groined. within the earliest Norman vaulting the ribs typically include mere flat bands crossing the vault at correct angles, the groins in addition to the apex being left completely simple. because the type advances the ribs turn into moulded, and also are utilized to the groins, as in Oxford Cathedral, and are often enriched with zigzags and different embellishes bizarre to the fashion, with carved bosses on the intersections, as within the church buildings of Iffley, Oxfordshire, and Elkstone, Gloucestershire. Oxford Cathedral, c. 1180. In Early English vaulting, and that of all next classes, the groins are always coated by way of ribs, and the intersections are normally ornamented with bosses or different undefined, as is the case within the chapter-house at Oxford. [See representation lower than Boss. ] within the Early English sort it really is seldom that extra ribs are used than these which pass the vault at correct angles (cross-springers) and the (diagonal) ribs upon the groins, with occasionally one on the apex. [See representation from Westminster Abbey, less than Vault. ] Westminster Abbey, c. 1220. REREDOS. occasionally used for the open hearth in halls, &c. RETABLE. See desk. display (Lat. Revello), the aspect of a gap for a window, doorway,&c. , among the framework and the outer floor of the wall. REVESTRY = sacristy. RISER, or RAISER. See Step. ROMAN ORDER, a reputation given occasionally to the Composite order. ROUNDEL, (1) in Classical structure comparable as Astragal; (2) in armour. See illustrations to Brass. within the adorned kind extra ribs are brought among the diagonal and cross-springers, following the curve of the vault, and often additionally in different components, working in several instructions, and uniting the entire right into a form of net-work, as at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire : the apex of the vault is nearly always occupied via a rib, that is usually a little bit curved upwards among the bosses.