By Jack Coggins
Greater with incredible illustrations, the textual content describes what materiel used to be on hand to the armies and navies of either sides — from iron-clad gunboats, submarine torpedoes, and armed forces balloons to pontoon bridges, percussion grenades, and siege artillery — with on-the-scene reviews by means of Union and accomplice squaddies approximately gear and camp existence. Over 500 black-and-white illustrations.
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S. Minié rifle, . sixty nine quality. The recognized “Mississippi” rifle, version of 1841, . fifty four quality, around ball (so known as simply because Jefferson Davis’ Mississippi Volunteers have been armed with it within the Mexican War), additionally observed a lot carrier. A . sixty nine percussion musket was once made in 1852 for the kingdom of South Carolina at Columbia. those guns, stamped Palmetto Armory, have been, with the above-mentioned Virginia Armory flintlocks, the one army muskets made within the South ahead of the outbreak of the Civil warfare. the arrival of the Minié bullet rendered the smoothbore musket out of date and, beginning with the U. S. version 1855, all guns have been rifled. In visual appeal, some of the muzzle-loading percussion smoothbores and rifles have been very comparable, differing barely enough to confuse the beginner and enjoyment the collector. The lock mechanisms have been a lot alike; basic, rugged, and simply repaired. For illustrative reasons, the U. S. version 1861 might be regarded as general of the category. Of the numerous various sorts of breech-loading rifles and carbines, area allows representation of just a couple of. a listing of breechloaders used or demonstrated via the U. S. Ordnance division exhibits fifty-two with patents dated sooner than January 1865. at the least thirty-six diverse versions observed service—some of which have been synthetic in very small numbers and others via the hundreds of thousands. what percentage of the experimental types have been made and bought to person squaddies or to small devices will most likely by no means be identified. the differences have been either a number of and inventive. On a few, barrels slid ahead, revolved, or hinged downward like a shot gun. On others, breech-blocks tipped up or down, hinged, or decreased. a number of took a metal cartridge; such a lot used a flamable box and trusted the percussion cap for ignition. All of this latter variety suffered in a point from fuel break out on the breech and next fouling of the motion. The Maynard and the Burnside used a mix, getting obturation with a steel case, yet hoping on a separate cap for ignition. The forerunners of the U. S. version 1861 have been the U. S. version 1855 Maynard Primer musket, and a shorter model, the U. S. version 1855 rifle, additionally geared up with a Maynard primer. This primer labored like a child’s roll cap pistol—a tape containing patches of fulminate feeding a cap to the nipple by means of motion of an arm at the hammer. a good suggestion, however the “waterproof” tape received damp and triggered misfires. Condemned in 1860, it was once rapidly introduced out of retirement in ’61 U. S. version 1861 RIFLE-MUSKET quality, . fifty eight Weight, eight. 88 lbs. size, fifty five. seventy five in. Bayonet with 18 in. blade. Belt, bayonetscabbard, cap field and cartridge field. Black leather-based Lock mechanism was once basic. while motion of set off pressed sear up, A, it published tumbler at B. Mainspring C, pulled tumbler down and around, D, bringing hammer down on nipple E. The version of 1861, and the next, somewhat replaced versions of 1863 and 1864, grew to become the traditional American infantry arm. those have been commonly known as “Springfields,” even though many have been made at different armories. throughout the conflict the government remodeled 800,000 of those weapons and bought over 670,000 extra.