By Angus Konstam
Whilst basic Robert E. Lee took command of the military of Northern Virginia, the Confederacy used to be in difficulty. common McClellan's Union military lay encamped below ten miles from Richmond, and the Southerners have been outnumbered and dispirited. Lee replaced all that during a super weeklong crusade. Stuart's reconnaissance in strength, immortalised as his experience round McClellan's military, had printed flaws in McClellan's tendencies. Lee used this intelligence good, and massed his outnumbered strength opposed to the Union correct flank. On 26 June the Confederates struck, scuffling with hard-fought and bloody battles in days; Mechanicsville (26 June) and Gaine's Mill (27 June). even if the victories have been received at a bad human rate, the ferocity of the accomplice attacks confident McClellan that he was once outnumbered. He duly retreated in the direction of his provide base at the James River. Lee's males pursued, and McClellan was once pressured to make a battling retreat, preventing two times to hold up his pursuers. regardless of extra battles at Frayser's Farm (30 June) and Malvern Hill (1 July), he used to be not able to maintain the Confederates at bay, and the Union military used to be recalled to Washington. regardless of wasting 1 / 4 of his military in every week, Lee had stored Richmond, and inflicted a humiliating defeat at the military of the Potomac. even though different victories could stick with, Lee's battles in defence of the accomplice capital have been the most important to the survival of the Southern reason, and received him the dignity of the scuffling with males on each side. Angus Konstam lines the process this brief and bloody crusade, the beginnings of Robert E. Lee's mythical attractiveness, and the origins of the battle-winning elan of the military of Northern Virginia.