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By Josie Underwood

A well-educated, outspoken member of a politically widespread kinfolk in Bowling eco-friendly, Kentucky, Josie Underwood (1840–1923) left in the back of one of many few intimate debts of the Civil struggle written by way of a southern girl sympathetic to the Union. This bright portrayal of the early years of the struggle starts off a number of months sooner than the 1st photographs have been fired on castle Sumter in April 1861. "The Philistines are upon us," twenty-year-old Josie writes in her diary, leaving no doubt in regards to the alarm she feels whilst accomplice infantrymen occupy her once-peaceful city. providing a different point of view at the tensions among the Union and the Confederacy, Josie finds that Kentucky used to be a hotbed of political and army motion, quite in her native land of Bowling eco-friendly, referred to as the Gibraltar of the Confederacy. situated alongside very important rail and water routes that have been very important for transport provides out and in of the Confederacy, the town associated the higher South's exchange and inhabitants facilities and used to be strategically severe to either armies. shooting the fright and frustration she and her family members skilled while Bowling eco-friendly served because the accomplice army's headquarters within the fall of 1861, Josie tells of infantrymen who trampled fields, pilfered vegetation, burned fences, scale down timber, stole foodstuff, and invaded houses and companies. In early 1862, Josie's outspoken Unionist father, Warner Underwood, was once ordered to evacuate the family's Mount Air property, which was once later destroyed through occupying forces. Wartime hardships additionally strained relationships between Josie's kin, buddies, and associates, whose passionate ideals approximately Lincoln, slavery, and Kentucky's secession divided them. released for the 1st time, Josie Underwood's Civil conflict Diary interweaves firsthand descriptions of the political unrest of the day with specific debts of an energetic social lifestyles full of commute, events, and suitors. Bringing to lifestyles a Unionist, slave-owning younger girl who antagonistic either Lincoln's guidelines and Kentucky's secession, the diary dramatically chronicles the actual and emotional traumas visited on Josie's relations, neighborhood, and kingdom in the course of wartime.

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He commanded a brigade at Shiloh—but the appointment used to be no longer confirmed—alas! regrettably! he has an analogous failing that provide has and up to i admire him—just as though he have been my very own brother rather than brother-in-law, i will yet imagine it an excellent improper to place the lives of such a lot of courageous males within the fingers of a guy that beverages. JUNE twenty second— obtained a letter this day from Willis Green—who is a prisoner at Columbus, O. He was once in a Mississippi regiment and captured at Shiloh. Oh! i ponder if he is aware Tom Grafton. whilst Pa used to be first in Congress—when i used to be basically 14—he took sister Lute and me with him to Washington—put me in school—sister Lute was once in society there and Mr. eco-friendly used to be one in all her common viewers. whilst I went right down to the resort to spend Sundays with Pa and Lute—I usually met Mr. Green—but by no means dreamed he remembered me. i will ship him loads of books if i will get permission. the opposite day i used to be going out to work out Belle Skiles. while i used to be watching for my train—the educate got here from the South—there have been farm animals vehicles, attached—crowded with terrible accomplice squaddies; prisoners soiled, part clad—unwashed—uncombed, but attempting to be jolly as humans have been cruelly observing them—maybe now not cruelly—for I too used to be eagerly scanning the crowded pens to work out if maybe i would realize a face—They have been attempting to purchase apples and pies from an outdated girl and boys with stamps and accomplice “shinplasters”—very few of them had even a dime. It approximately broke my center to work out the terrible fellows. Thank the great Lord I occurred to have 5 money in sturdy U. S. cash. i purchased the entire basket of pies and apples for them and didn't visit see Belle for I had not more funds. this day i used to be mad sufficient to knock a bit upstart of an officer down. He got here as much as me with a smirk and stated, “Miss Underwood—I heard of the incident on the depot during which you figured and as a pal i'd propose you to be cautious of giving relief and luxury to Rebels. ” I responded in a flash—“When I want suggestion i'm going to search it of my acquaintances. Pardon me for no longer thanking you for yours. ” relief and luxury to rebels indeed—poor hungry prisoners! Oh! consistency thou paintings a jewel! This guy spends time and cash on a lady the main arrant insurgent within the city. 7 JUNE twenty fifth— we're all in rather an pleasure. Pa had a letter from Senator Crittenden and likewise one from outdated Col. Grider—saying in substance they'd talked with Lincoln of Pa’s loyalty and sacrifices and advising him to return directly to Washington—just the import of all of it I don’t know—but Pa goes and goes to take me with him. Pa was once a Bell and Everett elector and did all in his strength to defeat Lincoln and isn't in sympathy in any respect with him. we're all angry the best way [General George B. ] McClellan is being taken care of. So Pa can’t anticipate any favors from Lincoln. JUNE twenty sixth— Busy getting my issues so as and packing for Washington. We go away within the morning. Mr. Baxter got here down from Louisville and may return with us day after today. He needed to quit becoming a member of the military whilst the Queen ordered all English topics to stay impartial.

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