Republic of girls recaptures a misplaced bankruptcy within the narrative of highbrow heritage. It tells the tale of a transnational community of girl students who have been energetic individuals of the seventeenth-century republic of letters and demonstrates that this highbrow commonwealth used to be a way more eclectic and various assemblage than has been assumed. those seven students - Anna Maria van Schurman, Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia, Marie de Gournay, Marie du Moulin, Dorothy Moore, Bathsua Makin and Katherine Jones, woman Ranelagh - have been philosophers, schoolteachers, reformers and mathematicians. They hailed from England, eire, Germany, France and The Netherlands. And including their male colleagues - males like Descartes, Huygens, Hartlib and Montaigne - they represented the spectrum of up to date ways to technological know-how, religion, politics and the development of studying. Carol good friend makes use of their collective biography to reconfigure the highbrow biography of early smooth Europe, delivering a brand new, increased research of the seventeenth-century group of rules.
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Extra resources for Republic of Women: Rethinking the Republic of Letters in the Seventeenth Century (Ideas in Context)
Sixty two Anna Maria van Schurman: the beginning of an highbrow community on the collage of Leiden. Heinsius, like van Schurman, were a baby prodigy. He used to be Joseph Scaliger’s favourite scholar, and on the age of fourteen he had enrolled in Greek reviews on the collage of Franeker, the place his scholarship, literary ability, and mastery of classical languages received him early renown within the republic of letters. 25 In her letter, the sixteen-year-old van Schurman offers herself as a “maiden simply past childhood,” whose ardent wish to touch the eminent Heinsius have been hindered as much as this element through an over the top crisis for her maidenly modesty. besides the fact that, she had now been stored from this paralyzing primness by way of the voice of her religion. In booming tones, it had chided her for her foolishness and ordered her within the identify of the gods to do honor to the fellow that they had themselves singled out for advantages of advantage and studying. hence regardless of her hesitation, she had ultimately determined to write down, and to pray opposed to wish that Heinsius might conform to correspond along with her. Van Schurman took nice pains to illustrate and demand that, “only my religion, and my giant admiration to your divine advantage, have forced this; it used to be now not my pretentiousness. ”26 It used to be a beautiful conceit, carried out in a chic Latin kind, and the adolescent van Schurman reaped her present in Heinsius’ optimistic reaction and carrying on with correspondence along with her. but in reconstructing the class of collegial girl students, the significance of this letter is composed in even more than both the prodigious scholarship of its younger author or the nice and cozy welcome she bought from an older pupil within the republic of letters. First, this letter is a transparent instance of a feminine student utilizing the practices of networking and mentorship to boost her highbrow occupation. moment, there's an obtrusive internalized fight – among van Schurman’s love of scholarship and delight in her accomplishment at the one aspect, and her deep religion and honest Christian humility at the different – that is going some distance past a rhetorical gadget or cultural topos, and as a substitute constitutes the genuine topic of her letter. it's a fight that surfaces repeatedly in her writings, from her adolescent letters to realized males, to the non secular and 25 26 On Daniel Heinsius (1580–1655), see Paul R. Sellin, Daniel Heinsius and Stuart England (Leiden and London, 1968); Correspondance de Jacques Dupuy et de Nicolas Heinsius (1646–1656), ed. Hans Bots, files Internationales d’Histoire des Ide´es forty (The Hague, 1971), ix–lii; and Baerbel Becker-Cantarino, Daniel Heinsius, Twayne’s international Authors sequence, no. 477 (Boston, 1978). Anna Maria van Schurman to Daniel Heinsius, September 18, 1623. There are seventeenthcentury copies of this letter within the choice of the collage of Utrecht; either are in letterbooks containing copies of discovered correspondence from students within the republic of letters. Letterbook of Arnoldus Buchelius, HS 983, 7. E. 7, f. 134; Letterbook of E.